Indonesia unlikely to need imported LNG until 2020 as output to rise
JAKARTA (Reuters) — Indonesia is unlikely to need to import LNG until at least 2020 due to robust gas production at home, a senior government official said on Wednesday, even as the government has pushed increased domestic gas consumption.
"Our production has turned out to be better than predicted," the country's Director General of Oil and Gas, Wiratmaja Puja, told reporters on Wednesday. "So there's a high possibility we won't need to import in 2019."
Puja was referring to higher-than-expected output from the Jangkrik gas field operated by Eni. The field was designed to produce 450 MMcfd of gas but output could be up to 600 MMcfd, he said.
Currently the world's fifth-biggest exporter of LNG, Indonesia has lost market share to new production from Australia and Qatar and as output is reserved for domestic needs. However, the domestic gas market has not developed as anticipated even after the government promoted the fuel to replace coal for power plants and as an industrial fuel.
Power plant developers in Indonesia are still relying on cheaper coal, however, which has curtailed the development of gas infrastructure.
Puja also called into question imports after 2020 when he mentioned BP's Tangguh Train 3 project will supply more gas to Indonesia from 2020 onwards.
"At the end of 2020 we won't need to import," he added.
The comments come even as Australia's Woodside Petroleum inked a contract in April to supply Indonesia's state-owned energy company Pertamina with LNG from 2019 to 2034. Pertamina also has a LNG import deal with US-based Cheniere Energy Inc from 2018 and ExxonMobil Corp from 2025.
Puja suggested those supplies could be redirected to other LNG buyers in Asia, particularly Bangladesh. "We are pushing Pertamina to go global," he said.
When contacted by Reuters, Pertamina's Vice President for LNG, Didik Sasongko, supported that idea.
"We can use it for trading or to optimize Pertamina's LNG portfolio," Sasongko said, referring to the Cheniere deal. "There's flexibility on delivery," he said when asked about the Woodside imports.
Meanwhile, Puja said that Indonesia is looking for buyers for 16 to 18 uncommitted LNG cargoes for this year.
He expects an average of 50 to 60 uncommitted cargoes per year until 2035.
Reporting by Wilda Asmarini and Bernadette Christina Munthe; Writing by Fransiska Nangoy and Fergus Jensen; Editing by Christian Schmollinger
Indonesia, home to 260 MM people on 14,000 islands across a vast archipelago, is estimated to become the seventh-largest economy in the world by 2030, with such growth expected to boost the nation’s energy consumption by 80% from present levels.<sup>1</sup>
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