Australia closing in on Qatar as world's top LNG exporter
SYDNEY (Reuters) — Australia expects to increase exports of LNG by 16% from mid-2018 as $180 B in new projects hit their stride, nearly catching up with Qatar, the world’s top supplier.
| Inpex Corp’s Ichthys. Photo courtesy of Inpex Corp.
Rising LNG exports coupled with higher prices for steel-making commodities and thermal coal should see Australia’s overall resource and energy export earnings increase 2% in the year to end-June 2018, to a record $165 B, the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science said on Friday.
Australia’s LNG exports are forecast to climb to 74 MMt in the year to end-June 2019, from 63.8 MMt forecast for this year and 52 MMt last year.
By comparison, Qatar last year exported 77.6 MMt.
The rise in Australian exports will be underpinned by higher output at the Gorgon project, run by Chevron Corp, as well as the completion of three remaining LNG projects: Chevron’s Wheatstone, Inpex Corp’s Ichthys, and Royal Dutch Shell’s Prelude.
Those three projects will add around 21 MMt to Australia’s LNG export capacity, taking total capacity to around 88 MMt.
Japan, South Korea and China are set to absorb the extra volumes, the department said in its quarterly commodities report.
“While prospects for growth in the imports of Japan and South Korea are limited, Australian producers are expected to capture an increasing share of both country’s imports,” the department said.
The department raised its iron ore price forecast for 2017 about 3% to an average $64/t, and increased its coking coal price forecast by 6 percent to $203.30/t from its June outlook.
Coking coal contract prices for the third and fourth quarters are forecast to be much lower than the first half, it said, driven by higher production in China and a return to normal in Australia after a cyclone cut output earlier this year.
Iron ore, Australia’s top export earner and dominated by miners Rio Tinto and BHP, has rebounded from a low of $47/t in mid-June, to average $65/t in the September quarter.
“The iron ore price has been boosted by strong steel margins in China, which has resulted in increased steel production and mill restocking of inputs,” the department said.
Forecast exports of iron ore were decreased slightly to 862.3 MMt in 2017–2018 and to 886.7 MMt the following year.
Reporting by James Regan; Editing by Sonali Paul
The ongoing development of shale gas resources in the US has spurred infrastructure construction for both natural gas processing capacity and LNG export terminals.
Russian natural gas monopoly Gazprom is strengthening its presence in the gas market of the Middle East through the planned construction of an 11-metric-MMtpy–12-metric-MMtpy LNG plant in Iran.
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